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Topographical and Engineering Surveyor
Surveying is the science of representing the layout of the land accurately on maps or plans, and indicating the exact position of any structure or other man-made or natural object, above or below ground. Surveying plays a vital role in the planning, provision and maintenance of all forms of construction and development.

Surveying comprises mainly two fields:

Topographical surveying entails the gathering of information to map the forms of the earth. This is done by means of: triangulation (measuring of angles); traversing; levelling (determining of heights); aerial photographs; calculating positions and heights; establishing place names; annotating aerial photographs by indicating the topographical features.

Back in the office, the surveyor applies this information to the task of preparing a detailed land map. A photogrammetric machine is used to assist in the process.

Engineering surveying entails the collection of all relevant information on the site of a proposed construction project and mapping out the area. Once the design of the project is complete, the surveyor pegs it out on the actual site and also monitors construction in progress to ensure that it does not exceed the layout.

Satisfying Aspects
- developing roads, bridges and other structures for the benefit of society and the general economy
- a good balance of field and office work
- meeting new people

Demanding aspects
- being away from home often
- working out of doors in adverse weather conditions work

A topographical and engineering surveyor should:
- have mathematical ability - especially in trigonometry;
- have intellectual ability;
- have good observation skills;
- be responsible;
- work accurately;
- have drawing ability;
- be willing to work in the field;
- be able to work independently or with people.

School Subjects
National Senior Certificate meeting degree requirements for a degree course
National Senior Certificate meeting diploma requirements for a diploma course

Each institution will have its own minimum entry requirements.

Compulsory Subjects: Mathematics
Recommended Subjects: Physical Sciences, Geography, Mechanical Technology

Degree: Land Surveying - UKZN

Diploma: Training for the N.Dip. Surveying takes 3 years, and consists of theoretical instruction and practical experience with an employer. It is offered by CPUT, DUT, MUT, TUT.

Graduates are encouraged to register as Technical Surveyors with the SA Council for Professional and Technical Surveyors.

- Government departments such as Public Works, Water Affairs and Forestry and Transport.
- Municipalities
- Universities
- Such organizations as Eskom, CSIR
- Civil engineering firms
- Building contractors
- Private land surveying companies
- Self-employment, with enough experience, initiative and capital, can start own practice and / or work as a consultant

The Director-General
Department of Public Works
Private Bag X65
Tel. (012) 337 2000

The Director-General
Department of Land Affairs
Private Bag X833
Pretoria, 0001
Tel: (012) 312-8911

The Director-General
Department of Water Affairs and Forestry
Private Bag X313
Pretoria, 0001
Tel. (012) 808-0374